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  1. Content type: Research

    Cervical cancer screening by combined cytology and HPV test has reduced the incidence of cervical cancer, but cytological screening lacks a higher sensitivity while HPV testing possesses a lower specificity. M...

    Authors: Xinlin Jiao, Siying Zhang, Jun Jiao, Teng Zhang, Wenjie Qu, Guy Mutangala Muloye, Beihua Kong, Qing Zhang and Baoxia Cui

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:120

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  2. Content type: Research

    African Americans (AAs) experience premature chronic health outcomes and longevity disparities consistent with an accelerated aging phenotype. DNA methylation (DNAm) levels at specific CpG positions are hallma...

    Authors: Salman M. Tajuddin, Dena G. Hernandez, Brian H. Chen, Nicole Noren Hooten, Nicolle A. Mode, Mike A. Nalls, Andrew B. Singleton, Ngozi Ejiogu, Kumaraswamy Naidu Chitrala, Alan B. Zonderman and Michele K. Evans

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:119

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  3. Content type: Research

    Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) with hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is a common pharmaco-resistant epilepsy referred for adult epilepsy surgery. Though associated with prolonged febrile seizures (FS) in childhood, th...

    Authors: Laurence de Nijs, Kyonghwan Choe, Hellen Steinbusch, Olaf E. M. G. Schijns, Jim Dings, Daniel L. A. van den Hove, Bart P. F. Rutten and Govert Hoogland

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:118

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  4. Content type: Research

    Histological grading of choroid plexus tumors (CPTs) remains the best prognostic tool to distinguish between aggressive choroid plexus carcinoma (CPC) and the more benign choroid plexus papilloma (CPP) or atyp...

    Authors: Malgorzata Pienkowska, Sanaa Choufani, Andrei L. Turinsky, Tanya Guha, Diana M. Merino, Ana Novokmet, Michael Brudno, Rosanna Weksberg, Adam Shlien, Cynthia Hawkins, Eric Bouffet, Uri Tabori, Richard Gilbertson, Jonathan L. Finlay, Nada Jabado, Christian Thomas…

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:117

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  5. Content type: Research

    Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a genetic and epigenetic disease. There is growing evidence to suggest that environmental factors due to epigenetic changes can be involved in the OSCC pathogenesis. Alth...

    Authors: Soo Yeon Kim, Yu Kyeong Han, Jae Min Song, Chang Hun Lee, Keunsoo Kang, Joo Mi Yi and Hae Ryoun Park

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:116

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  6. Content type: Research

    Significant numbers of prostate cancer (PCa) patients experience tumour upstaging and upgrading in surgical specimens that cause serious problems in timely and proper selection of the treatment strategy. This ...

    Authors: Arnas Bakavicius, Kristina Daniunaite, Kristina Zukauskaite, Marija Barisiene, Sonata Jarmalaite and Feliksas Jankevicius

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:115

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  7. Content type: Research

    Characteristic DNA methylation differences have been identified between primary and metastatic melanomas at EBF3 and/or TBC1D16 gene loci. To further evaluate whether these epigenetic changes may act more general...

    Authors: Euan J. Rodger, Aniruddha Chatterjee, Peter A. Stockwell and Michael R. Eccles

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:114

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  8. Content type: Research

    H19 and IGF2 genes are imprinted and involved in regulating fetal and placental growth. The H19 differentially methylated region (DMR) is paternally methylated and maternally unmethylated and regulates the imprin...

    Authors: Yuko Yamaguchi, Chiharu Tayama, Junko Tomikawa, Rina Akaishi, Hiromi Kamura, Kentaro Matsuoka, Norio Wake, Hisanori Minakami, Kiyoko Kato, Takahiro Yamada, Kazuhiko Nakabayashi and Kenichiro Hata

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:113

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  9. Content type: Research

    DNA demethylation therapy is now used in practice for hematological tumors and is being developed for solid tumors. Nevertheless, it is difficult to achieve stable pharmacokinetics with the current DNA-demethy...

    Authors: Naoko Hattori, Magoichi Sako, Kana Kimura, Naoko Iida, Hideyuki Takeshima, Yoshitaka Nakata, Yutaka Kono and Toshikazu Ushijima

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:111

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  10. Content type: Research

    To compare DNA methylation in subjects positive vs negative for anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA), a key serological marker of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) risk.

    Authors: Xiaojian Shao, Marie Hudson, Ines Colmegna, Celia M. T. Greenwood, Marvin J. Fritzler, Philip Awadalla, Tomi Pastinen and Sasha Bernatsky

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:110

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  11. Content type: Research

    Results of previous studies on the association of the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) with colorectal cancer (CRC) prognosis were inconsistent and mostly based on different CIMP definitions. The current...

    Authors: Min Jia, Yan Zhang, Lina Jansen, Viola Walter, Dominic Edelmann, Melanie Gündert, Katrin E. Tagscherer, Wilfried Roth, Melanie Bewerunge-Hudler, Esther Herpel, Matthias Kloor, Alexis Ulrich, Barbara Burwinkel, Hendrik Bläker, Jenny Chang-Claude, Hermann Brenner…

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:109

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  12. Content type: Short report

    Parkinson’s disease (PD) is characterized by the loss of midbrain dopaminergic neurons (DAn). Previously, we described the presence of DNA hyper- and hypo-methylation alterations in induced pluripotent stem ce...

    Authors: Rubén Fernández-Santiago, Angelika Merkel, Giancarlo Castellano, Simon Heath, Ángel Raya, Eduard Tolosa, María-José Martí, Antonella Consiglio and Mario Ezquerra

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:108

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  13. Content type: Research

    Idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is a complex disease with an unclear etiology, and the worldwide prevalence is approximately 2–3%. As an important link between environmental factors and phenotypic differences, epige...

    Authors: Jiong Li, Guanteng Yang, Shaohua Liu, Longjie Wang, Zhuotao Liang and Hongqi Zhang

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:107

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  14. Content type: Research

    Guadecitabine is a novel DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitor with improved pharmacokinetics and clinical activity in a subset of patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (r/r AML), but ident...

    Authors: Woonbok Chung, Andrew D. Kelly, Patricia Kropf, Henry Fung, Jaroslav Jelinek, Xiang Yao Su, Gail J. Roboz, Hagop M. Kantarjian, Mohammad Azab and Jean-Pierre J. Issa

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:106

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  15. Content type: Research

    The oral mucosa has an important role in maintaining barrier integrity at the gateway to the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts. Smoking is a strong environmental risk factor for the common oral inflammat...

    Authors: Gesa M. Richter, Jochen Kruppa, Matthias Munz, Ricarda Wiehe, Robert Häsler, Andre Franke, Orlando Martins, Yvonne Jockel-Schneider, Corinna Bruckmann, Henrik Dommisch and Arne S. Schaefer

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:105

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  16. Content type: Research

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common and etiologically heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder. Although many genetic causes have been identified (> 200 ASD-risk genes), no single gene variant accounts...

    Authors: M. T. Siu, D. T. Butcher, A. L. Turinsky, C. Cytrynbaum, D. J. Stavropoulos, S. Walker, O. Caluseriu, M. Carter, Y. Lou, R. Nicolson, S. Georgiades, P. Szatmari, E. Anagnostou, S. W. Scherer, S. Choufani, M. Brudno…

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:103

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  17. Content type: Research

    Apabetalone (RVX-208) is a bromodomain and extraterminal protein inhibitor (BETi) that in phase II trials reduced the relative risk (RR) of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients with cardiovascular d...

    Authors: Laura M. Tsujikawa, Li Fu, Shovon Das, Christopher Halliday, Brooke D. Rakai, Stephanie C. Stotz, Christopher D. Sarsons, Dean Gilham, Emily Daze, Sylwia Wasiak, Deborah Studer, Kristina D. Rinker, Michael Sweeney, Jan O. Johansson, Norman C. W. Wong and Ewelina Kulikowski

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:102

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  18. Content type: Review

    Peptides originating from different sources (endogenous, food derived, environmental, and synthetic) are able to influence different aspects of epigenetic regulation. Endogenous short peptides, resulting from ...

    Authors: Yorick Janssens, Evelien Wynendaele, Wim Vanden Berghe and Bart De Spiegeleer

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:101

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  19. Content type: Research

    Clustered protocadherins (PCDHs) map in tandem at human chromosome 5q31 and comprise three multi-genes clusters: α-, β- and γ-PCDH. The expression of this cluster consists of a complex mechanism involving DNA hub...

    Authors: Ana Florencia Vega-Benedetti, Eleonora Loi, Loredana Moi, Sylvain Blois, Antonio Fadda, Manila Antonelli, Antonella Arcella, Manuela Badiali, Felice Giangaspero, Isabella Morra, Amedeo Columbano, Angelo Restivo, Luigi Zorcolo, Viviana Gismondi, Liliana Varesco, Sara Erika Bellomo…

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:100

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  20. Content type: Research

    Prostate cancer (PC) is a commonly diagnosed malignancy in males, especially in the western hemisphere. The extensive use of multiple biomarkers plays an important role in the diagnosis and prognosis of PC. Ho...

    Authors: Xin Li, Wanfeng Zhang, Jing Song, Xianqin Zhang, Longke Ran and Yunfeng He

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:99

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  21. Content type: Research

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and deciphering underlying molecular mechanism is essential. The loss of monoubiquitinated histone H2B (H2Bub1) was corre...

    Authors: Deborah Schneider, Robert Lorenz Chua, Nicole Molitor, Feda H. Hamdan, Eva Maria Rettenmeier, Evangelos Prokakis, Vivek Kumar Mishra, Vijayalakshmi Kari, Florian Wegwitz, Steven A. Johnsen and Robyn Laura Kosinsky

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:98

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  22. Content type: Research

    Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with adverse offspring health outcomes across their life course. We hypothesize that DNA methylation is a potential mediator of this relationship.

    Authors: Petri Wiklund, Ville Karhunen, Rebecca C. Richmond, Priyanka Parmar, Alina Rodriguez, Maneka De Silva, Matthias Wielscher, Faisal I. Rezwan, Tom G. Richardson, Juha Veijola, Karl-Heinz Herzig, John W. Holloway, Caroline L. Relton, Sylvain Sebert and Marjo-Riitta Järvelin

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:97

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  23. Content type: Research

    Methylation of the hypoxia-inducible factor 3α gene (HIF3A) has been linked to pregnancy exposures, infant adiposity and later BMI. Genetic variation influences HIF3A methylation levels and may modify these relat...

    Authors: Toby Mansell, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Vania Januar, Boris Novakovic, Fiona Collier, David Burgner, Peter Vuillermin, Joanne Ryan and Richard Saffery

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:96

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  24. Content type: Research

    Compared to healthy individuals, those with stably repressed HIV experience a higher risk of developing insulin resistance, a hallmark of pre-diabetes and a major determinant for cardiometabolic diseases. Alth...

    Authors: Christian K. Dye, Michael J. Corley, Dongmei Li, Vedbar S. Khadka, Brooks I. Mitchell, Razvan Sultana, Annette Lum-Jones, Cecilia M. Shikuma, Lishomwa C. Ndhlovu and Alika K. Maunakea

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:95

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  25. Content type: Research

    Genomic imprinting, mediated by parent-of-origin-specific epigenetic silencing, adjusts the gene expression dosage in mammals. We aimed to clarify parental allelic expression in the human placenta for 396 clai...

    Authors: Diana Pilvar, Mario Reiman, Arno Pilvar and Maris Laan

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:94

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  26. Content type: Research

    Comprehensive analysis of the tissue of origin of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) remains insufficient. A genome-scale DNA methylation method for this analysis is of both biological and clinical interest.

    Authors: Xiaomeng Liu, Jie Ren, Nan Luo, Huahu Guo, Yuxuan Zheng, Jingyi Li, Fuchou Tang, Lu Wen and Jirun Peng

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:93

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  27. Content type: Research

    ARID1A (AT-rich interactive domain-containing protein 1A) is a subunit of the BAF chromatin remodeling complex and plays roles in transcriptional regulation and DNA damage response. Mutations in ARID1A that lead ...

    Authors: Madhobi Sen, Xin Wang, Feda H. Hamdan, Jacobe Rapp, Jessica Eggert, Robyn Laura Kosinsky, Florian Wegwitz, Ana Patricia Kutschat, Fereshteh S. Younesi, Jochen Gaedcke, Marian Grade, Elisabeth Hessmann, Argyris Papantonis, Philipp Strӧbel and Steven A. Johnsen

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:92

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  28. Content type: Research

    Drawing the epigenome landscape of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) still remains a challenge. To characterize the epigenetic molecular basis of the human hippocampus in AD, we profiled genome-wide DNA methylation lev...

    Authors: Miren Altuna, Amaya Urdánoz-Casado, Javier Sánchez-Ruiz de Gordoa, María V. Zelaya, Alberto Labarga, Julie M. J. Lepesant, Miren Roldán, Idoia Blanco-Luquin, Álvaro Perdones, Rosa Larumbe, Ivonne Jericó, Carmen Echavarri, Iván Méndez-López, Luisa Di Stefano and Maite Mendioroz

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:91

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  29. Content type: Research

    Sessile serrated adenomas (SSAs) are common polyps which give rise to 20–30% of colorectal cancer (CRC). SSAs display clinicopathologic features which present challenges in surveillance, including overrepresen...

    Authors: Cheng Liu, Lochlan J. Fennell, Mark L. Bettington, Neal I. Walker, Joel Dwine, Barbara A. Leggett and Vicki L. J. Whitehall

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:90

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  30. Content type: Research

    Cardiac disease modelling using human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CM) requires thorough insight into cardiac cell type differentiation processes. However, current methods to dis...

    Authors: Kirstin Hoff, Marta Lemme, Anne-Karin Kahlert, Kerstin Runde, Enrique Audain, Dorit Schuster, Jens Scheewe, Tim Attmann, Thomas Pickardt, Almuth Caliebe, Reiner Siebert, Hans-Heiner Kramer, Hendrik Milting, Arne Hansen, Ole Ammerpohl and Marc-Phillip Hitz

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:89

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  31. Content type: Research

    To evaluate the association of early-life exposure to the Chinese Great Famine (1959–1961) with DNA methylation in IGF2 and its subsequent influence on blood lipid levels in late adulthood among participants of t...

    Authors: Luqi Shen, Changwei Li, Zhenghe Wang, Ruiyuan Zhang, Ye Shen, Toni Miles, Jingkai Wei and Zhiyong Zou

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:88

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  32. Content type: Research

    Numerous studies have demonstrated that DNA methylation levels in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AHRR) gene measured in cord blood are significantly associated with prenatal tobacco smoke exposure and c...

    Authors: Matthew A. Bergens, Gary S. Pittman, Isabel J. B. Thompson, Michelle R. Campbell, Xuting Wang, Cathrine Hoyo and Douglas A. Bell

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:87

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  33. Content type: Research

    Due to limited access to brain tissue, the precise mechanisms underlying neuro-axonal dysfunction in neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis (MS) are largely unknown. In that context, profiling DNA m...

    Authors: Lara Kular, Maria Needhamsen, Milena Z. Adzemovic, Tatiana Kramarova, David Gomez-Cabrero, Ewoud Ewing, Eliane Piket, Jesper Tegnér, Stephan Beck, Fredrik Piehl, Lou Brundin and Maja Jagodic

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:86

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  34. Content type: Research

    Oncogenic K-Ras signaling highly relies on the canonical Ras/MEK/ERK pathway to contribute to pancreatic cancer progression. However, numerous efforts of MEK inhibitors have failed to provide an optimal antitu...

    Authors: Min-Wu Chao, Li-Hsun Chang, Huang-Ju Tu, Chao-Di Chang, Mei-Jung Lai, Yi-Ying Chen, Jing-Ping Liou, Che-Ming Teng and Shiow-Lin Pan

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:85

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  35. Content type: Research

    Hypertension is one of primary clinical presentations of pre-eclampsia. The occurrence and progress of hypertension are closely related to vascular dysfunction. However, information is limited regarding the pa...

    Authors: Qinqin Gao, Xiaorong Fan, Ting Xu, Huan Li, Yun He, Yuxian Yang, Jie Chen, Hongmei Ding, Jianying Tao and Zhice Xu

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:84

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  36. Content type: Research

    Epigenetic mechanisms may play a major role in the biological embedding of early-life stress (ELS). One proposed mechanism is that glucocorticoid (GC) release following ELS exposure induces long-lasting altera...

    Authors: Tobias Wiechmann, Simone Röh, Susann Sauer, Darina Czamara, Janine Arloth, Maik Ködel, Madita Beintner, Lisanne Knop, Andreas Menke, Elisabeth B. Binder and Nadine Provençal

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:83

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  37. Content type: Review

    The emergence of nanotechnology applied to medicine has revolutionized the treatment of human cancer. As in the case of classic drugs for the treatment of cancer, epigenetic drugs have evolved in terms of thei...

    Authors: Annalisa Roberti, Adolfo F. Valdes, Ramón Torrecillas, Mario F. Fraga and Agustin F. Fernandez

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:81

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  38. Content type: Research

    DNA methylation has recently been identified as a mediator between in utero famine exposure and a range of metabolic and psychiatric traits. However, genome-wide analyses are scarce and cross-sectional analyse...

    Authors: Yujie He, Lot D. de Witte, Lotte C. Houtepen, Danny M. Nispeling, Zhida Xu, Qiong Yu, Yaqin Yu, Elly M. Hol, René S. Kahn and Marco P. Boks

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:80

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  39. Content type: Review

    Circadian rhythms orchestrate crucial physiological functions and behavioral aspects around a day in almost all living forms. The circadian clock is a time tracking system that permits organisms to predict and...

    Authors: Ignacio Pacheco-Bernal, Fernando Becerril-Pérez and Lorena Aguilar-Arnal

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:79

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  40. Content type: Review

    Neuropathic pain (NP) is ranked as one of the major forms of chronic pain and emerges as a direct consequence of a lesion or disease affecting the somatosensory nervous system. Despite great advances into the ...

    Authors: Simin Tang, Jun Zhou, Huan Jing, Meijuan Liao, Sen Lin, Zhenxing Huang, Teng Huang, Jiying Zhong and HanbingWang

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:78

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  41. Content type: Research

    TP53 is frequently mutated across various tissue types of cancers. In normal cells, long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1, L1) is mostly repressed by DNA methylation in its 5′ untranslated region but is act...

    Authors: Yun-Joo Shin, Younghoon Kim, Xianyu Wen, Nam-Yun Cho, Sun Lee, Woo Ho Kim and Gyeong Hoon Kang

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:77

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  42. Content type: Research

    To identify novel epigenetic signatures that could provide predictive information that is complementary to promoter methylation status of the O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene for predicting ...

    Authors: An-An Yin, Ya-Long He, Amandine Etcheverry, Yu-He Liu, Marc Aubry, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Bo-Lin Liu, Jean Mosser, Zi-Fan Lu and Xiang Zhang

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:76

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  43. Content type: Research

    Zinc finger and BTB domain-containing protein 12 (ZBTB12) is a predicted transcription factor with potential role in hematopoietic development. Recent evidence linked low methylation level of ZBTB12 exon1 to myoc...

    Authors: Fabrizia Noro, Francesco Gianfagna, Alessandro Gialluisi, Amalia De Curtis, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Emanuela Napoleone, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Marc F. Hoylaerts, Licia Iacoviello and Benedetta Izzi

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:74

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  44. Content type: Research

    Obstetric complications have long been retrospectively associated with a wide range of short- and long-term health consequences, including neurodevelopmental alterations such as those observed in schizophrenia...

    Authors: Helena Palma-Gudiel, Elisenda Eixarch, Fátima Crispi, Sebastián Morán, Anthony S. Zannas and Lourdes Fañanás

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:73

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  45. Content type: Research

    Epidemiological studies have found that prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is associated with increased risk for neural tube defects (NTDs). Aberrant DNA methylation, excessive apopto...

    Authors: Yun Huang, Aiguo Ren, Linlin Wang, Lei Jin, Shanshan Lin, Zhiwen Li and Jasmine A. McDonald

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:72

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  46. Content type: Research

    miR-340-5p, localized to 5q35, is a tumor suppressor miRNA implicated in multiple cancers. As a CpG island is present at the putative promoter region of its host gene, RNF130, we hypothesized that the intronic mi...

    Authors: Zhenhai Li, Kwan Yeung Wong, George A. Calin, Wee-Joo Chng, Godfrey Chi-fung Chan and Chor Sang Chim

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2019 11:71

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