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  1. Content type: Correction

    Upon publication of the original article [1], it was noticed that the Figure captions of Figs. 2 and 3 were incorrectly given. The correct Figure captions are given below.

    Authors: Nikolay Kondratyev, Arkady Golov, Margarita Alfimova, Tatiana Lezheiko and Vera Golimbet

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:151

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    The original article was published in Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:130

  2. Content type: Research

    Imprinted genes are regulated by DNA methylation at imprinting-associated differentially methylated regions (iDMRs). Abnormal expression of imprinted genes is implicated in imprinting disorders and tumors. In ...

    Authors: Hidenori Hidaka, Ken Higashimoto, Saori Aoki, Hiroyuki Mishima, Chisa Hayashida, Toshiyuki Maeda, Yasuo Koga, Hitomi Yatsuki, Keiichiro Joh, Hirokazu Noshiro, Ryuichi Iwakiri, Atsushi Kawaguchi, Koh-ichiro Yoshiura, Kazuma Fujimoto and Hidenobu Soejima

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:150

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  3. Content type: Review

    Multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, is characterized by axonal degeneration and gliosis. Although the causes of MS remain unknown, gene dysregul...

    Authors: Xuan Yang, Yuzhang Wu, Bei Zhang and Bing Ni

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:149

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  4. Content type: Research

    Increased lower body fat is associated with reduced cardiometabolic risk. The molecular basis for depot-specific differences in gluteofemoral (GF) compared with abdominal (A) subcutaneous adipocyte function is...

    Authors: Adeline Divoux, Katalin Sandor, Dora Bojcsuk, Amlan Talukder, Xiaoman Li, Balint L. Balint, Timothy F. Osborne and Steven R. Smith

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:148

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  5. Content type: Research

    Prevention of unnecessary biopsies and overtreatment of indolent disease remains a challenge in the management of prostate cancer. Novel non-invasive tests that can identify clinically significant (intermediat...

    Authors: Fang Zhao, Ekaterina Olkhov-Mitsel, Shivani Kamdar, Renu Jeyapala, Julia Garcia, Rachel Hurst, Marcelino Yazbek Hanna, Robert Mills, Alexandra V. Tuzova, Eve O’Reilly, Sarah Kelly, Colin Cooper, Daniel Brewer, Antoinette S. Perry, Jeremy Clark, Neil Fleshner…

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:147

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  6. Content type: Research

    Recent studies demonstrated that changes in DNA methylation (DNAm) and inactivation of two imprinted genes (MKRN3 and DLK1) alter the onset of female puberty. We aimed to investigate the association of DNAm profi...

    Authors: Danielle S. Bessa, Mariana Maschietto, Carlos Francisco Aylwin, Ana P. M. Canton, Vinicius N. Brito, Delanie B. Macedo, Marina Cunha-Silva, Heloísa M. C. Palhares, Elisabete A. M. R. de Resende, Maria de Fátima Borges, Berenice B. Mendonca, Irene Netchine, Ana C. V. Krepischi, Alejandro Lomniczi, Sergio R. Ojeda and Ana Claudia Latronico

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:146

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  7. Content type: Research

    DNA methylation in miRNA genes has been reported as a mechanism that may cause dysregulation of mature miRNAs and consequently impact the gene expression. This mechanism is largely unstudied in papillary thyro...

    Authors: Isabella Maria Dias Payão Ortiz, Mateus Camargo Barros-Filho, Mariana Bisarro dos Reis, Caroline Moraes Beltrami, Fabio Albuquerque Marchi, Hellen Kuasne, Luísa Matos do Canto, Julia Bette Homem de Mello, Cecilie Abildgaard, Clóvis Antônio Lopes Pinto, Luiz Paulo Kowalski and Silvia Regina Rogatto

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:144

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  8. Content type: Research

    Ovarian cancer is the most fatal tumor of the female reproductive system and the fifth leading cause of cancer death among women in the USA. The prognosis is poor due to the lack of biomarkers for treatment op...

    Authors: Wenna Guo, Liucun Zhu, Minghao Yu, Rui Zhu, Qihan Chen and Qiang Wang

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:142

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  9. Content type: Methodology

    The introduction of pathology tissue-chromatin immunoprecipitation (PAT-ChIP), a technique allowing chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues, has extended the a...

    Authors: Stefano Amatori, Giuseppe Persico, Claudio Paolicelli, Roman Hillje, Nora Sahnane, Francesco Corini, Daniela Furlan, Lucilla Luzi, Saverio Minucci, Marco Giorgio, Pier Giuseppe Pelicci and Mirco Fanelli

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:143

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  10. Content type: Research

    Altered methylation patterns are driving forces in colorectal carcinogenesis. The serrated adenocarcinoma (SAC) and sporadic colorectal carcinoma showing histological and molecular features of microsatellite i...

    Authors: José García-Solano, María C. Turpin, Daniel Torres-Moreno, Francisco Huertas-López, Anne Tuomisto, Markus J. Mäkinen, Ana Conesa and Pablo Conesa-Zamora

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:141

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  11. Content type: Research

    In the present study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the pro-apoptotic effects of quercetin (Qu) by evaluating the effect of Qu treatment on DNA methylation and posttranslational histone m...

    Authors: Marisa Claudia Alvarez, Victor Maso, Cristiane Okuda Torello, Karla Priscilla Ferro and Sara Teresinha Olalla Saad

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:139

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  12. Content type: Research

    Cancer treatments have substantially improved childhood cancer survival but are accompanied by long-term complications, notably chronic inflammatory diseases. We hypothesize that cancer treatments could lead t...

    Authors: Sara Daniel, Vibe Nylander, Lars R. Ingerslev, Ling Zhong, Odile Fabre, Briana Clifford, Karen Johnston, Richard J. Cohn, Romain Barres and David Simar

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:138

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  13. Content type: Research

    We have previously evaluated the efficacy of the CRF1 receptor antagonist GSK561679 in female PTSD patients. While GSK561679 was not superior to placebo overall, it was associated with a significantly stronger sy...

    Authors: Julius C. Pape, Tania Carrillo-Roa, Barbara O. Rothbaum, Charles B. Nemeroff, Darina Czamara, Anthony S. Zannas, Dan Iosifescu, Sanjay J. Mathew, Thomas C. Neylan, Helen S. Mayberg, Boadie W. Dunlop and Elisabeth B. Binder

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:136

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  14. Content type: Research

    Kawasaki disease (KD) is a prevalent pediatric disease worldwide and can cause coronary artery aneurysm as a severe complication. Typically, DNA methylation is thought to repress the expression of nearby genes...

    Authors: Lien-Hung Huang, Ho-Chang Kuo, Cheng-Tsung Pan, Yeong-Shin Lin, Ying-Hsien Huang and Sung-Chou Li

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:135

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  15. Content type: Research

    Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common cancers among men worldwide. Current screening methods for PCa display limited sensitivity and specificity, not stratifying for disease aggressiveness. Hence, de...

    Authors: Catarina Moreira-Barbosa, Daniela Barros-Silva, Pedro Costa-Pinheiro, Jorge Torres-Ferreira, Vera Constâncio, Rui Freitas, Jorge Oliveira, Luís Antunes, Rui Henrique and Carmen Jerónimo

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:132

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  16. Content type: Research

    Male infertility is a complex disease caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Abnormal epigenetic programming has been proposed as a possible mechanism compromising male ferti...

    Authors: Qiuqin Tang, Feng Pan, Jing Yang, Ziqiang Fu, Yiwen Lu, Xian Wu, Xiumei Han, Minjian Chen, Chuncheng Lu, Yankai Xia, Xinru Wang and Wei Wu

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:134

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  17. Content type: Short report

    Accelerated age-associated DNA methylation changes in males may explain the earlier onset of age-related diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease (CVD)) and thus contribute to sexually dimorphic morbidity and li...

    Authors: Fu-Hui Xiao, Xiao-Qiong Chen, Yong-Han He and Qing-Peng Kong

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:133

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  18. Content type: Research

    Adiponectin critically contributes to metabolic homeostasis, especially by insulin-sensitizing action. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is characterized by insulin resistance leading to materno-fetal hyperg...

    Authors: Raffael Ott, Jens H. Stupin, Kerstin Melchior, Karen Schellong, Thomas Ziska, Joachim W. Dudenhausen, Wolfgang Henrich, Rebecca C. Rancourt and Andreas Plagemann

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:131

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  19. Content type: Methodology

    Methylation of DNA is associated with a variety of biological processes. With whole-genome studies of DNA methylation, it became possible to determine a set of genomic sites where DNA methylation is associated...

    Authors: Nikolay Kondratyev, Arkady Golov, Margarita Alfimova, Tatiana Lezheiko and Vera Golimbet

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:130

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:151

  20. Content type: Research

    SUV39H2 (suppressor of variegation 3-9 homolog 2), which introduces H3K9me3 to induce transcriptional repression, has been reported to play critical roles in heterochromatin maintenance, DNA repair, and recent...

    Authors: Yu Zheng, Baihui Li, Jian Wang, Yanjuan Xiong, Kaiyuan Wang, Ying Qi, Houfang Sun, Lei Wu and Lili Yang

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:129

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  21. Content type: Research

    DNA methylation is a key epigenetic mark in mammalian organisms that plays key roles in chromatin organization and gene expression. Although DNA methylation in gene promoters is generally associated with gene ...

    Authors: Saigopal Somasundaram, Megan E Forrest, Helen Moinova, Allison Cohen, Vinay Varadan, Thomas LaFramboise, Sanford Markowitz and Ahmad M Khalil

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:127

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  22. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    In this letter, we respond to and discuss the recent publication by Al-Moghrabi et al.: Methylation of BRCA1 and MGMT genes in white blood cells are transmitted from mothers to daughters. We discuss their finding...

    Authors: Per Eystein Lønning and Stian Knappskog

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:128

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  23. Content type: Research

    Tobacco smoking is a risk factor for multiple diseases, including cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Many smoking-associated signals have been detected in the blood methylome, but the extent to which these c...

    Authors: Pei-Chien Tsai, Craig A. Glastonbury, Melissa N. Eliot, Sailalitha Bollepalli, Idil Yet, Juan E. Castillo-Fernandez, Elena Carnero-Montoro, Thomas Hardiman, Tiphaine C. Martin, Alice Vickers, Massimo Mangino, Kirsten Ward, Kirsi H. Pietiläinen, Panos Deloukas, Tim D. Spector, Ana Viñuela…

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:126

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  24. Content type: Research

    Testicular germ cell tumor such as seminoma is strongly associated with male reproductive problems commonly associated with the alteration of sperm parameters as described in testicular dysgenesis syndrome. In...

    Authors: Céline Bruno, Oxana Blagoskonov, Julie Barberet, Magali Guilleman, Sandrine Daniel, Benjamin Tournier, Christine Binquet, Cécile Choux and Patricia Fauque

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:125

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  25. Content type: Correction

    Upon publication of the original article [1] the authors noticed that the affiliation Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Manipal, Karnataka, India was missing.

    Authors: Jaya Mary Thomas, Sumi Surendran, Mathew Abraham, Arumugam Rajavelu and Chandrasekharan C. Kartha

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:124

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    The original article was published in Clinical Epigenetics 2016 8:78

  26. Content type: Short report

    The capacity of technologies measuring DNA methylation (DNAm) is rapidly evolving, as are the options for applicable bioinformatics methods. The most commonly used DNAm microarray, the Illumina Infinium HumanM...

    Authors: Lisa M McEwen, Meaghan J Jones, David Tse Shen Lin, Rachel D Edgar, Lucas T Husquin, Julia L MacIsaac, Katia E Ramadori, Alexander M Morin, Christopher F Rider, Chris Carlsten, Lluís Quintana-Murci, Steve Horvath and Michael S Kobor

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:123

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  27. Content type: Research

    Estrogen receptor-α (ER-α) is a transcriptional regulator, which mediates estrogen-dependent breast development, as well as breast tumorigenesis. The influence of epigenetic regulation of ER-α on adolescent br...

    Authors: Alexandra M Binder, Leah T Stiemsma, Kristen Keller, Sanne D van Otterdijk, Verónica Mericq, Ana Pereira, José L Santos, John Shepherd and Karin B Michels

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:122

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  28. Content type: Research

    Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant plasma cell disease with a poor survival, characterized by the accumulation of myeloma cells (MMCs) within the bone marrow. Epigenetic modifications in MM are associated no...

    Authors: Laurie Herviou, Alboukadel Kassambara, Stéphanie Boireau, Nicolas Robert, Guilhem Requirand, Carsten Müller-Tidow, Laure Vincent, Anja Seckinger, Hartmut Goldschmidt, Guillaume Cartron, Dirk Hose, Giacomo Cavalli and Jerome Moreaux

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:121

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  29. Content type: Research

    In colorectal cancer, CDX2 expression is lost in approximately 20% of cases and associated with poor outcome. Here, we aim to validate the clinical impact of CDX2 and investigate the role of promoter methylati...

    Authors: Janina Graule, Kristin Uth, Elia Fischer, Irene Centeno, José A. Galván, Micha Eichmann, Tilman T. Rau, Rupert Langer, Heather Dawson, Ulrich Nitsche, Peter Traeger, Martin D. Berger, Beat Schnüriger, Marion Hädrich, Peter Studer, Daniel Inderbitzin…

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:120

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  30. Content type: Research

    Several independent research groups have shown that alterations in human sperm methylation profiles correlate with decreased fecundity and an increased risk of poor embryo development. Moving these initial fin...

    Authors: Mohammad Abbasi, Andrew D. Smith, Harish Swaminathan, Peer Sangngern, Amanda Douglas, Alan Horsager, Douglas T. Carrell and Philip J. Uren

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:119

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  31. Content type: Research

    A variety of abnormalities in vitamin D metabolism have been reported in patients with active tuberculosis. However, intervention trials have produced inconsistent results. We hypothesized that genetic and epi...

    Authors: Min Wang, Weimin Kong, Biyu He, Zhongqi Li, Huan Song, Peiyi Shi and Jianming Wang

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:118

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  32. Content type: Research

    Whole-exome sequencing has revealed a rare missense variant in PLD3 gene (rs145999145) to be associated with late onset Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Nevertheless, the association remains controversial and little is ...

    Authors: Idoia Blanco-Luquin, Miren Altuna, Javier Sánchez-Ruiz de Gordoa, Amaya Urdánoz-Casado, Miren Roldán, María Cámara, Victoria Zelaya, María Elena Erro, Carmen Echavarri and Maite Mendioroz

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:116

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  33. Content type: Review

    Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide, and the majority of the cases are ischemic stroke. However, it still lacks effective treatment except for thrombolytic therapy in an extre...

    Authors: Qingsheng Kong, Yongnan Hao, Xin Li, Xin Wang, Bingyuan Ji and Yili Wu

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:117

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  34. Content type: Review

    The melanoma antigen gene (MAGE) proteins are a group of highly conserved family members that contain a common MAGE homology domain. Type I MAGEs are relevant cancer-testis antigens (CTAs), and originally cons...

    Authors: Yishui Lian, Lingjiao Meng, Pingan Ding and Meixiang Sang

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:115

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  35. Content type: Research

    Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is an imprinting disorder with a population frequency of approximately 1 in 10,000. The most common epigenetic defect in BWS is a loss of methylation (LOM) at the 11p15.5 impr...

    Authors: Vinod Dagar, Wendy Hutchison, Andrea Muscat, Anita Krishnan, David Hoke, Ashley Buckle, Priscillia Siswara, David J. Amor, Jeffrey Mann, Jason Pinner, Alison Colley, Meredith Wilson, Rani Sachdev, George McGillivray, Matthew Edwards, Edwin Kirk…

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:114

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  36. Content type: Research

    Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have shown that genetic variants are important determinants of free fatty acid levels. The mechanisms underlying the associations between genetic variants and free fatty...

    Authors: Zhen He, Rong Zhang, Feng Jiang, Hong Zhang, Aihua Zhao, Bo Xu, Li Jin, Tao Wang, Wei Jia, Weiping Jia and Cheng Hu

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:113

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  37. Content type: Research

    Age is one of the most important risk factors for developing breast cancer. However, age-related changes in normal breast tissue that potentially lead to breast cancer are incompletely understood. Quantifying ...

    Authors: Erin W. Hofstatter, Steve Horvath, Disha Dalela, Piyush Gupta, Anees B. Chagpar, Vikram B. Wali, Veerle Bossuyt, Anna Maria Storniolo, Christos Hatzis, Gauri Patwardhan, Marie-Kristin Von Wahlde, Meghan Butler, Lianne Epstein, Karen Stavris, Tracy Sturrock, Alexander Au…

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:112

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  38. Content type: Research

    Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death. While cigarette smoking is the primary cause of this malignancy, risk differs across racial/ethnic groups. For the same number of cigarettes smoked, Na...

    Authors: Sungshim L. Park, Yesha M. Patel, Lenora W. M. Loo, Daniel J. Mullen, Ite A. Offringa, Alika Maunakea, Daniel O. Stram, Kimberly Siegmund, Sharon E. Murphy, Maarit Tiirikainen and Loïc Le Marchand

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:110

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  39. Content type: Research

    Inhibitor of differentiation protein 4 (ID4) is a dominant negative regulator of the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) family of transcription factors. During tumorigenesis, ID4 may act as a tumor suppressor or as...

    Authors: Daniela Nasif, Emanuel Campoy, Sergio Laurito, Richard Branham, Guillermo Urrutia, María Roqué and María T. Branham

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:111

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  40. Content type: Research

    The importance of epigenetic alterations in psychiatric disorders is increasingly acknowledged and the use of DNA methylation patterns as markers of disease is a topic of ongoing investigation. Recent studies ...

    Authors: Mara Thomas, Nora Knoblich, Annalena Wallisch, Katarzyna Glowacz, Julia Becker-Sadzio, Friederike Gundel, Christof Brückmann and Vanessa Nieratschker

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:109

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  41. Content type: Research

    Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Recently, epigenetic dysregulation has been known to promote tumor progression and therefore may be a therapeutic target for anticancer therapy. JARI...

    Authors: Kuang-Tai Kuo, Wen-Chien Huang, Oluwaseun Adebayo Bamodu, Wei-Hwa Lee, Chun-Hua Wang, M. Hsiao, Liang-Shun Wang and Chi-Tai Yeh

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:107

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  42. Content type: Research

    Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune skin disorder. Several studies suggested psoriasis to be a complex multifactorial disease, but the exact triggering factor is yet to be determined. Evidences sugg...

    Authors: Aditi Chandra, Swapan Senapati, Sudipta Roy, Gobinda Chatterjee and Raghunath Chatterjee

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:108

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  43. Content type: Correction

    Upon publication of the original article [1], the authors noticed that the Figs. 1, 2 and 3 were incorrectly given.

    Authors: Rubén Rodríguez Bautista, Alette Ortega Gómez, Alfredo Hidalgo Miranda, Alejandro Zentella Dehesa, Cynthia Villarreal-Garza, Federico Ávila-Moreno and Oscar Arrieta

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:106

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    The original article was published in Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:88

  44. Content type: Research

    Prognostic tools for prostate cancer (PC) are inadequate and new molecular biomarkers may improve risk stratification. The epigenetic mark 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) has recently been proposed as a novel c...

    Authors: Tine Maj Storebjerg, Siri H. Strand, Søren Høyer, Anne-Sofie Lynnerup, Michael Borre, Torben F. Ørntoft and Karina D. Sørensen

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:105

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  45. Content type: Research

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed human malignancy worldwide. Upregulation of inhibitory immune checkpoints by tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TIICs) or their ligands by tumor cells...

    Authors: Varun Sasidharan Nair, Salman M. Toor, Rowaida Z. Taha, Hibah Shaath and Eyad Elkord

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:104

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  46. Content type: Short report

    The biological mechanisms underlying frailty in older people are poorly understood. There is some evidence to suggest that DNA methylation patterns may be altered in frail individuals.

    Authors: Catharine R. Gale, Riccardo E. Marioni, Sarah E. Harris, John M. Starr and Ian J. Deary

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:101

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  47. Content type: Research

    TET1 is a tumor suppressor gene (TSG) that codes for ten-eleven translocation methyl cytosine dioxygenase1 (TET1) catalyzing the conversion of 5-methylcytosine to 5-hydroxy methyl cytosine as a first step of T...

    Authors: Jiangxia Fan, Yan Zhang, Junhao Mu, Xiaoqian He, Bianfei Shao, Dishu Zhou, Weiyan Peng, Jun Tang, Yu Jiang, Guosheng Ren and Tingxiu Xiang

    Citation: Clinical Epigenetics 2018 10:103

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