Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Subject characteristics according to metabolic syndrome (MetS) status

From: LINE-1 methylation in visceral adipose tissue of severely obese individuals is associated with metabolic syndrome status and related phenotypes

Phenotypesa All subjects Men Premenopausal women
MetS- MetS+ MetS- MetS+ MetS- MetS+
No. of subjects (n) 98 88 14 20 84 68
Smokers (n) 21 (21.4%) 22 (25.6%) 2 (14.3%) 4 (21.1%) 19 (22.6%) 18 (26.9%)
Age (years) 34.9 ± 8.1 35.3 ± 7.3 32.2 ± 8.9 36.8 ± 9.2 35.4 ± 7.9 34.9 ± 6.7
Body Mass Index (kg/m2)b 49.8 ± 8.4 53.8 ± 10.8* 54.5 ± 8.8 56.8 ± 13.1 49.0 ± 8.1 52.9 ± 9.9**
Waist circumference (cm) 130.1 ± 17.0 139.4 ± 19.6** 151.6 ± 15.6 160.7 ± 20.7 126.8 ± 14.7 132.9 ± 14.0*
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) b 4.87 ± 0.39 5.68 ± 0.87*** 5.06 ± 0.33 6.16 ± 0.75*** 4.84 ± 0.39 5.53 ± 0.86***
Triglycerides (mmol/l) b 1.13 ± 0.37 2.20 ± 1.14*** 1.08 ± 0.31 2.42 ± 1.41*** 1.13 ± 0.38 2.13 ± 1.06***
High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.47 ± 0.26 1.09 ± 0.20*** 1.27 ± 0.17 0.94 ± 0.15*** 1.51 ± 0.38 1.13 ± 0.20***
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 130.2 ± 13.4 144.6 ± 17.2*** 132.1 ± 12.8 150.2 ± 19.4** 129.9 ± 13.5 143.0 ± 16.4***
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) b 79.9 ± 9.3 90.4 ± 11.9*** 78.8 ± 7.8 89.7 ± 13.2* 80.0 ± 8.7 90.6 ± 11.6***
  1. aData are shown as mean ± SD or n.
  2. bNon-normally distributed phenotypes were transformed for the general linear model analysis: body mass index (negative inverse: -1/(X)), fasting glucose (-1/(X)), triglycerides (-1/(1 + X)) and diastolic blood pressure (-1/(X)).
  3. *P <0.05, **P <0.01, ***P <0.0001; for differences in mean phenotype levels between MetS- and MetS + groups.