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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the study participants

From: 36 h fasting of young men influences adipose tissue DNA methylation of LEP and ADIPOQ in a birth weight-dependent manner

  LBW NBW p value
  N = 21 N = 18  
At baseline    
 Birth weight (g) 2811 (205) 3643 (185) < 0 . 0001
 Gestational age (weeks) 40 (0.9) 39.9 (0.7) 0.83
 Age (years) 24.8 (1.4) 24.6 (1.2) 0.65
 Height (cm) 180.7 (5.7) 185.3 (5.3) 0 . 01
 Weight (kg) 73.5 (10) 78.5 (10.7) 0.14
 BMI (kg/m2) 22.5 (2.6) 22.9 (3.2) 0.65
 W/H ratio 0.9 (0.07) 0.89 (0.05) 0.76
 Subtotal fat (kg) 12.2 (5.2) 12.4 (5.4) 0.90
 Subtotal fat (%) 17.1 (5.2) 16.3 (5.1) 0.61
 Subtotal lean (kg) 54.6 (5.8) 59.2 (6.7) 0 . 03
 HgbA1c (%) 5.1 (0.3) 5.1 (0.2) 0.87
 Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.0 (0.6) 4.3 (0.7) 0.20
 HDL (mmol/L) 1.11 (0.23) 1.13 (0.27) 0.80
 LDL (mmol/L) 2.5 (0.6) 2.7 (0.6) 0.28
 Triglyceride (mmol/L) 0.95 (0.24) 1.04 (0.34) 0.35
 P-glucose (mmol/L) 4.7 (0.3) 4.8 (0.4) 0.41
 S-insulin (pmol/L) 26 (10) 23 (14) 0.55
 S-C-peptide (pmol/L) 441 (123) 441 (156) 0.98
Response during fasting
 Energy expenditure (kJ/24 h) −46.1 (−2.8%) +85.6 (+5.1%) 0 . 02
 S-insulin (pmol/L) −16.6 (−60%) −11.1 (−42%) 0 . 05
 Triglyceride (mmol/L) −0.18 (−19.0%) −0.10 (−9.9%) 0 . 02
  1. Data are means (SD). p values <0.05 are bold. Lipids, glucose and insulin/C-peptide were measured at 8.00 AM on day 1, after 12 h of fasting (in the fasting study). HgbA1c was measured before the standardization period. Change in energy expenditure was calculated from after 12 h fasting until 31 h fasting. Changes in insulin and triglyceride during fasting were calculated from after 12 h fasting until 34 and 36 h fasting, respectively. These results have previously been reported [27]
  2. BMI body mass index, W/H ratio waist-hip ratio, Subtotal without the head, Lean without fat and bone