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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of 275 Gen3G mother–child pairs included in this study

From: Detecting cord blood cell type-specific epigenetic associations with gestational diabetes mellitus and early childhood growth

  Mean (SD)/N (%)
Mother
 Age (year) 28.5 (4.2)
 Height (cm) 164.8 (6.4)
 Weight (kg) 69.3 (15.6)
 Body mass index (BMI; kg/m2) 25.5 (5.7)
Parity
 Being primiparous 132 (48.0)
 Gestational diabetes mellitus 23 (8.4)
 Insulin therapy 9 (3.3)
 Dietary intervention 14 (5.1)
 Smoking (at 1st trimester)  
 Currently smoking 21 (7.6)
Child
 Gestational age at birth (week) 39.5 (1.0)
 Male 150 (54.5)
 Birthweight (kg) 3.4 (0.4)
 Height (cm) at age 3* 96.9 (4.4)
 Weight (kg) at age 3 15.2 (1.9)
 BMI (kg/m2) at age 3* 16.2 (1.6)
Estimated cord blood cell type proportions (%)
 B-cell 9.5 (3.0)
 CD4+ T-cell 15.8 (5.3)
 CD8+ T-cell 12.6 (3.4)
 Granulocyte 39.9 (9.2)
 Monocyte 9.0 (2.6)
 Natural killer cell 2.0 (2.6)
 Nucleated red blood cell 11.2 (5.9)
  1. *Three (1.1%) children had missing data and were not included in DNAm-age 3 BMI z-score association tests
  2. Demographic and clinical characteristics with respect to maternal gestational diabetes mellitus are presented in Additional file 1: Supplementary Tables S1 and S2