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Table 1 Maternal and neonatal characteristics

From: Differential placental methylation and expression of VEGF, FLT- 1 and KDR genes in human term and preterm preeclampsia

  Normotensive Term PE Preterm PE
(n = 46) (n = 48) (n = 45)
Maternal characteristics
Age, yrs 22.9 ± 3.2 23.1 ± 2.9 23.9 ± 4.2
Weight, kg 52.1 ± 8.2 52.0 ± 11.2 47.7 ± 6.6*1
Height, cm 152.7 ± 4.9 152.3 ± 7.2 150.7 ± 5.4
Body mass index, kg/m2 22.3 ± 3.4 22.4 ± 4.8 20.9 ± 2.7
Gestation, wks 39.0 ± 1.2 38.6 ± 1.1 34.2 ± 1.9**1
Education, grade 9.2 ± 4.0 9.8 ± 3.5 9.4 ± 3.9
Income, Rs 6,191.5 ± 4,524.8 5,844.4 ± 3,285.3 6,258.5 ± 5,183.0
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 123.4 ± 7.2 152.2 ± 16.0** 154.3 ± 15.8**
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 78.3 ± 6.0 100.8 ± 11.5** 103.0 ± 13.3**
Parity, %    
 Nulliparous 42.6 68.9 58.5
 Multiparous 57.4 31.1 41.5
Mode of delivery, %    
 Normal delivery 70.2 78.3 45.2
 Caesarean section 29.8 21.7 54.8
Neonatal characteristics
Gender of fetus, %    
 Male 54.3 51.1 42.9
 Female 45.7 48.9 57.1
APGAR score (1 minute) 7.7 ± 1.2 7.6 ± 1.2 6.6 ± 1.8**1
APGAR score (5 minute) 8.6 ± 0.7 8.8 ± 0.7 8.1 ± 1.0**1
Weight, kg 2.9 ± 0.3 2.7 ± 0.5** 1.9 ± 0.5**1
Length, cm 48.1 ± 2.6 48.1 ± 2.4 43.8 ± 4.4**1
Head circumference, cm 33.9 ± 1.3 33.3 ± 1.7 30.3 ± 3.0**1
Chest circumference, cm 32.3 ± 1.4 31.7 ± 2.1 27.1 ± 2.9**
  1. Values given are mean ± SD, unless stated otherwise. PE, preeclampsia. *P <0.05; **P <0.01 when compared to term; 1P <0.01 when compared to term PE.