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Table 1 Viruses associated with human cancer development

From: Epigenetic mechanisms in virus-induced tumorigenesis

Virus Taxonomy Genome Human cancer
HPV Papillomaviridae dsDNA Cervical cancer, Anal cancer, Penis cancer, Head and neck carcinoma
EBV Herpesviridae dsDNA Burkitt’s lymphoma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, Posttransplantation lymphoma, Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
KSHV (HHV-8) Herpesviridae dsDNA Kaposi’s sarcoma, Pleural effusion lymphoma, Multicentric Castleman’s disease
HBV Hepadnaviridae dsDNA Hepatocellular carcinoma
HCV Flaviviridae ssRNA Hepatocellular carcinoma
HTLV-1 Retroviridae ssRNA-dsDNA Adult T-cell leukemia
MCV Polyomaviridae dsDNA Merkel cell carcinoma
SV40 Polyomaviridae dsDNA Mesothelioma and colon tumors
JCV Polyomaviridae dsDNA Brain and colon tumors
BKV Polyomaviridae dsDNA Prostate and brain tumors
Adenovirus Adenoviridae dsDNA Several serotypes can transform human and rodent cells and cause malignant tumors upon injection into rodents
  1. HHV-8 human herpesvirus 8